From the files of Stephen M. Lawson
Fairbanks Ancestry in England
The Fairbanks English ancestry is based on the article by Clarence A. Torrey in The American Genealogist, 37 (1961):65-72. This information is expanded and includes the Fairbanks family in Aamerica in The Ancestry of Eva Belle Kempton, Part III, by Dean Crawford Smith and Melinde Lutz Sanborn (2004, Boston), pp. 118-58.
William FAIRBANKE - b. 1455; d. 1518. In 1492, 8th Henry VII,
William took land of the soil and waste of the lord, in Sowerby, to
hold according to the custom of the manor. William was father
of John and ancestor of Jonathan
FAIRBANKS of Dedham, MA.
John FAIRBANKE - b. 1480; d. 1551. In 1504, 19th Henry VII,
and 1506, 22nd Henry VII, transfers of land at Sowerby name John as son
of William. Married abt 1550 Isabel (bur. Jan. 17, 1546/7, Halifax, Yorkshire) "uxor Johis Fairbank de Sourby." John and Isabel were parents
Gilbert and Jennet Fairbanke
Gilbert FAIRBANKE - b. about 1505; d. and bur. Mar. 3, 1577/8, Halifax, Yorkshire. Son of John FAIRBANKE and Isabel.
Land transfers in 1526 and 1550 name Gilbert as son of John. In 1569,
11th Elizabeth, he would not pay the stipend of the minister or curate
of the chapel. His deathbed will (proved Apr. 16, 1578), names wife and
surviving children. He is identified as "Gilbert Fairbanke of township
of Sowerbie/Sowerby in diocese of York" in both his and his widow's
Jennet - bur. Jan. 16, 1578/9, Halifax, Yorkshire. Her will
(dated Jan. 13, 1578/9; proved May 3, 1582) names sons George and
Edward, and daughters Agnes and Elizabeth. Due to the possible 30 year
period between the birth of George and Edward, and the apparent 10 year
gap between the birth of George and William, it may be that George was
the son of Gilbert by a prior marriage. However, it is noted that
Jennet uses "my son" to identify both George and Edward in her will.
- George - b. about 1528.
- William - b. about
1538. Resided at Hensall, Snaith, Yorkshire, where his children were
baptised. Probably married Isabella HORTON on Jun. 28, 1562 at Halifax,
Yorkshire. Children of William and Isabella FAIRBANKS: Henry; Jenet;
Edward; and Margaret.
- Hugh - b. about 1542; bur. Feb. 18, 1549/0, Halifax, Yorkshire.
- Johanna - bap. Jan. 19, 1544, Halifax, Yorkshire; probably died young.
- bap. May 3, 1547, Halifax, Yorkshire. Resided at Hensall, Snaith,
Yorkshire. Married Jane BANNESTER on Jan. 28, 1565/6, Halifax,
Yorkshire. Children of John and Jane FAIRBANKS include: John; and
- Michael - bap. Jul. 3, 1549, Halifax, Yorkshire; bur. Sep. 14, 1549, Halifax, Yorkshire.
- bap. Aug. 16, 1550, Halifax, Yorkshire. Resided at Hensall, Snaith,
Yorkshire, where three of his children were baptised. Married seccond
Jane MITCHELL on Mar. 28, 1578 at Halifax, Yorkshire. Hugh and his
first wife had a child mentioned, but not named, in the will og Gilbert
FAIRBANKS. Children of Hugh and Jane FAIRBANKS: Robert; Barbara; and
- Dorothy - bap. Mar. 25, 1553, Halifax, Yorkshire; bur. Dec. 18, 1554, Halifax, Yorkshire.
about 1554. Married George HARRISON on Dec. 14, 1573, Halifax,
Yorkshire. Their children were baptised at Sowerby, Yorkshire. Children
of Agnes and George HARRISON: George; Susannah; Edward; Grace; and Eden.
- Elizabeth - b. about 1556. Married Mr. BRATHWAITE about 1577/8.
- Edward - b. abt 1558. Married Mary MITCHELL on Nov. 5, 1582, Halifax, Yorkshire.
George and Sybil (Wade) Fairbank
George FAIRBANK - b. about 1528. Son of Gilbert FAIRBANKE and Jennet.
Perhaps the George FAIRBANK buried at Sowerby, Yorkshire, Mar. 29,
1610. Married first May 10, 1551, Halifax, Yorkshire. He married
second, Feb. 15, 1573/4 at Halifax, Yorkshire, Jenet (MAWD) BRODLYE
(bur. Nov. 26, 1612, Halifax, Yorkshire). Her name also appears as
Johanna BROADLEY, who was married on May 30, 1552 at Halifax, Yorkshire
to John BROADLEY (bur. Mar. 8, 1571/2, Halifax, Yorkshire). Jenet was
the mother of Abram, the youngest child.
Sybil WADE - bur. May 21, 1573, Halifax, Yorkshire.
She died in childbirth, along with her ninth child.
- Genet - bap. Apr. 26, 1552, Halifax, Yorkshire; died young.
- b. about 1554, Halifax, Yorkshire; bur. 1625, Thornton-in-Craven.
John's first wife died after Aug. 2, 1593, at Skircoat, Halifax. He
married second Aug. 6, 1593 at Halifax, Yorkshire, Isabel STANCLIFFE
(bur. Jul. 9, 1597), and third in 1598 Ellen PARKER (bur. Oct. 18,
1643, Colne, Lancashire) of Thorne, Thornton. Children of first
marriage: Marie married Mr. DEAN; John; George; and Joseph who died in
infancy. Child of John and Isabel FAIRBANKS: Susan died young. Children
of John and Ellen FAIRBANK: Helene died in infancy; Joseph died in
infancy; Anna married James CROOK; Michael; Jeremy married Margaret
MECROFT; Susanna married John OXENHARD; Jonathan; and Abigail married
- Jenet - bap. Jul 28, 1556, Halifax, Yorkshire. Married
Jul. 25, 1575at Halifax, Yorkshire to Matthew BROADLEY, son of John and
Jenet (WADE) BROADLEY.
- Maria - bap. May 18, 1558, Halifax, Yorkshire. Married
Jan. 15, 1580/1 at Halifax, Yorkshire to Richard SALTONSTALL. Possible
children of Maria and Richard SALTONSTALL: Edward; Richard; and Eden.
- Dorothy - b. about 1560; bur. May 24, 1562, Halifax, Yorkshire.
- George - bap. Aug. 2, 1562, Halifax, Yorkshire.
- Robert - bap. Dec. 8, 1566, Halifax, Yorkshire.
- Susan - bap. Jun. 5, 1569, Halifax, Yorkshire. Married Feb. 7, 1590/1 at Halifax, Yorkshire to William WADE.
- A child - b. May 1573; bur. May 21, 1573, Halifax, Yorkshire.
- Abram - bap. Jan. 22, 1575/6, Hlifax, Yorkshire; bur. there Apr. 23, 1576. Son of George and Jenet FAIRBANKS.
George and Mary (Farrer) Fairbank
George FAIRBANK - bap. Aug. 2, 1562, Halifax, Yorkshire. Son of George FAIRBANK and Sybil WADE. Lived at Heptonstall, Halifax in 1593, where he obtained a license to marry in that year, possibly his second marriage.
Mary FARRER - Daughter of Richard FARRER (will dated Apr. 7, 1610) and Margaret BLACKBURN. Mary is recorded as from Erringden on the license to marry.
- Jonathan - b. about 1595, England; d. Dec. 5, 1668, Dedham, Norfolk Co., MA.
- Mary - bap. Nov. 30, 1600, Heptonstall, Halifax, Yorkshire; probably bur. Dec. 11, 1620 at Erringden.
- Ester - bap. Feb. 27, 1602/3, Heptonstall, Halifax, Yorkshire.
The Fairbanks family in America
T H E C O V E N A N T
Dedham, Massachusetts (Settled 1635; incorporated
- We whose names are hereunto subscribed, doe, in the feare
and reverence of out Almightie God, mutually; and severally pmise
amongst ourselves and each other to pffesse and practice one
trueth according to that most pfect rule, the foundation whereof
is everlasting Love;
- That we shall by all meanes Laboure to keepe of from us all
such as ar contrayre minded and receave onely such unto us as
be such as may be pbably of one harte with us that we either
knowe or may well and truly be informed to walke in a peaceable
conversation with all meekeness of spirit for the edification
of each other in the knowledge and faith of the Lord Jesus; and
the mutual encouragement unto all Temporall comforts in all things;
seeking the good of each other out of all which may be derived
- That if at any time difference shall arise betwene pties
of out said Towne; that then such ptie and pties shall prsently
Referre all such difference unto someone 2 or 3 others of our
said societie, to be accorded and determined without any further
delaye if it possibly may bee;
- That every man may now, or at any time heereafter shall have
Lotts in our said Towne shall pay his share in all such Rates
of money and charges as shall be imposed upon him Rateably in
pportion with other men. As allso become freely subject unto
all such orders and constitutions as shall be necessarily had
or made now or at any time hereafter from this day forwarde as
well for Loveing and comfortable societie in our said Towne as
allso for the psperous and thriveing Condicion of our said Fellowshipe,
especially respecting the feare of God in which we desire to
begine, and continue whatsoever we shall by his Loveing favoure
take in hand.
- And for the better manefestation of our true Resolution heere
in every man so receaved; to subscribe heere unto his name, there
by obligeing both himself and his successors after him forever
as we have done.
[There follows 125 signatures of those subscribing to the
Covenant, evidently over a period of some years. While all the
Morse Signers and Jonathan Fairbanks,
Sr. appear to have been among the original signers, the sons
of the latter were ages 18, 16 and about 7 years in 1636. The
names of the Fairbanks sons appear at intervals from oldest to
youngest among the last signers of The Covenant. The signers,
in numerical sequence shown, included:
(3) Samuel Morse, and his sons (34)
John, (28) Daniel and (29) Joseph
(16) John Coolidge
(31) Jonathan Fairbanks, and his
sons (98) John, (102) George and (110) Jonathan
(50) Thomas Hastings]
Jonathan and Grace (Smith) Fairbanks
Jonathan FAIRBANKS - b. about 1595, England; d. Dec. 5, 1668, Dedham, Norfolk Co., MA. Son of George FAIRBANK and Mary FARRER,
and descendant of William FAIRBANKE
Some sources suggest that Jonathan came from Sowerby, West Riding,
Yorkshire, England to Boston in 1633 in the "Griffin," but without
documentary evidence. Claims that he was the brother of Richard
FAIRBANKS, or that he arrived aboard the "Speedwell," are also
apparently without documentation. In his will of May 28, 1650, George
FAIRBANKE, clothier of Sowerby, Halifax and son of John FAIRBANK and
Isabel STANCLIFFE, names "Mr. Jonathan Fairebanke" and a copy of the
will was marked "For his lovinge Cusen Johnathan Fayrbancke in New
England these." Moved to Dedham, Norfolk Co., MA by 1636 when he built
his house there. The house at 511
East St., Dedham
was built of timbers brought from England, and may well be the oldest
frame house in America. The home remained in the Fairbanks family
through eight generations, before becoming property of the Fairbanks
Family Association. Jonathan was a signer of the 1636 Covenant of
Dedham, Norfolk Co., MA. He was received as a member of the church at
Dedham, MA on Jul. 14, 1646, served the town in a number of positions
and was elected selectman on Jan. 4, 1657/8. His will dated Jun. 1,
1668 and proved Jan. 26, 1668/9 names wife and his five surviving
children. His estate inventoried at £300 on Jan. 26, 1668/9.
Married in England, probably as stated in the following record: Parish
in Halifax, West Riding, Yorkshire, Jonathan FAYRBANKE and Grace SMITH,
of Warley, a neighboring hamlet, May 20, 1617.
Grace SMITH - b. about 1597; d. either Dec. 28, 1673 or May
19, 1676, Dedham, Norfolk Co., MA. She may have been the daughter of
Samuel SMITH and Grace (PLATTS) GAWKROGER.
Children of Jonathan and Grace Fairbanks
See Notable Cousins for line to: Luther BURBANK, George Herbert Walker BUSH,
George Walker BUSH, and Charles Warren FAIRBANKS
- John - bap. Feb. 15, 1618, Halifax, England; d. Nov. 13, 1684, Dedham, Norfolk Co., MA. Signer of The Covenant
of Dedham, MA.
Inherited home at Dedham. Married first Jan. 10, 1641 Sarah FISKE (d.
Sep. 26, 1683). Children of John and Sarah FAIRBANKS: Joshua died
young; John married Hannah WHITING; Sarah married Mr. SAWYER; Jonathan
died young; twins Martha and Mary (both died in infancy); Joseph
married Dorcas; Hannah married Samuel DEERING; and Benjamin married
- George - bap. Nov. 28, 1619, Sowerby, Halifax, England; d. Jan. 10, 1682/3, probably at Medfield, Norfolk Co., MA.
- bap. Feb 3, 1621/2, Sowerby, Halifax, Yorkshire, England; bap. Apr.
18, 1622, Halifax, Yorkshire, England; d. Feb/ 12. 1672/3, Dedham,
Norfolk Co., MA. Married first Apr. 2, 1644, Dedham, Norfolk Co., MA,
Michael METCALF (b. Aug. 29, 1620, Norwich, England; d. Mar. 25, 1654,
Dedham, Norfolk Co., MA), son of Rev. Leonard METCALF and Margaret.
Mary married second Aug. 2, 1654, Christopher SMITH (d. Nov. 7, 1676,
Dedham, Norfolk Co., MA), son of John SMITH. For descendants of Mary
FAIRBANKS and Michael METCALF, refer to Some
Descendants of Rev. Leonard Metcalf of Tatterford Parish, Norfolk,
England - by Howard H. Metcalfe (2003; 768 pages), available
from the publisher.
Children of Mary and Michael METCALF: Michael married Elizabeth FULLER;
Mary married Capt. John WARE; Sarah married Robert WARE; Dea. Jonathan
married Hannah KENDRICK; and Eleazer married Meletiah FISHER. Son of
Mary and Christopher SMITH: John.
- Jonas - bap. Mar. 6, 1625, Halifax, England; d. Feb. 10,
1676, Laancaster, Middlesex Co., MA. Killed by Indians, together with
son Joshua. Married May 28, 1658 at Lancaster, Middlesex Co., MA to
Lydia PRESCOTT (b. Aug. 15, 1641, Watertown, Middlesex Co., MA; d.
after Oct. 1712), daughter of John PRESCOTT and Mary PLATTS. Lydia
married second Ellis BARRON (b. about 1633; d. before Oct. 1712,
Lancaster, MA), son of Ellis BARRON and Grace, as his second wife.
Lydia and Ellis BARRON were parents of Mary, Abigail, Joshua (died as
infant), and Joshua. Children of Jonas and Lydia FAIRBANKS: Mary
married first Moses ADAMS, and second Ephraim BROWN; Joshua killed by
Indians at age 15; Grace died young; Jonathan married Mary HAYWARD;
Hazadiah married John MOORE; Jabez married Mary WILDER; and Jonas.
- Susan - bap. Dec. 23, 1627, Thornton-in-Craven, England;
d. Jul. 8, 1659, Dedham, Norfolk Co., MA. Father's will mentions her,
her husband, and "four children of Ralph, that he had by his last [or
late] wife my daughter Susan." Married Oct. 12, 1647 Ralph DAY (d. Oct.
28, 1677). Ralph DAY married second on Nov. 15, 1759 at Dedham, Norfolk
Co., MA, Abigail (CRAFTS) RUGGLES (b. mar. 28, 1634, Roxbury, Suffolk
Co., MA; d. Jan. 19, 1706/7, Medfield, Norfolk Co., MA), daughter of
Griffin CRAFTS and Alice, and had daughter Abigail. Abigail (CRAFTS)
RUGGLES DAY married third on Dec. 7, 1678 at Dedham, Norfolk Co., MA,
Edward ADAMS. Children of Susan and Ralph DAY: Elizabeth; Mary married
John PAYNE; Susan; John; and perhaps Ralph died as infant.
- Jonathan - b. about 1629, England; d. Jan. 28, 1711/12, Dedham, Norfolk Co., MA. Signer of The Covenant of Dedham, MA.
Married Deborah SHEPARD (b. about 1631, England; d. Sep. 7, 1705,
Dedham, Norfolk Co., MA), daughter of Edward SHEPARD and Violet
CHARNOCK. Children of Jonathan and Deborah FAIRBANKS: Deborah married
William LYON; Grace died young; Sarah died young; Edward; David; Samuel
married Christian CHAPELL; Mary married Samuel WHITING; Jeremiah
married Mary PENFIELD; Jonathan married; Abigail; Elizabeth; and
Capt. George and Mary (Adams) Fairbanks
George FAIRBANKS - bap. Nov. 28, 1619, Sowerby, Yorkshire, England; d. Jan. 10, 1682/3, probably at Medfield, Norfolk Co., MA. Son of Jonathan
FAIRBANKS and Grace SMITH. Resided at Dedham, Sherborn, and Medfield, Norfolk Co., MA. Signer of The Covenant of Dedham,
Member of the Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company, and Captain and
resident Commander of the old stone garrison house at Bogestow Pond.
Estate inventoried at £800.17.9. Married Aug. 26, 1646, Dedham,
Norfolk Co., MA.
Mary ADAMS - b. 1628; d. Oct. 11, 1711, Mendon, Worcester
Co., MA. Probably resided with daughter Margaret HOLBROOK after the
death of George.
Children of George and Mary Fairbanks
See Notable Cousins for line to: Emily Elizabeth DICKINSON,
Erastus FAIRBANKS, Thaddeus FAIRBANKS, and Margaret MEAD
- Mary - b.Nov. 10, 1647, Dedham, Norfolk Co., MA; d. Jun. 9, 1682, Medfield, Norfolk Co., MA. Married Joseph
- b. May 26, 1650, Dedham, Norfolk Co., MA; d. May 5, 1737, Medway,
Norfolk Co., MA. Inherited home at Sherborn, MA. Married first Dec. 1,
1671 at Medfield, Norfolk Co., MA to Rachel ADAMS (d. May 12, 1678,
Medfield, Norfolk Co., MA), daughter of Peter ADAMS and Rachel NEWCOME
of Braintree, Norfolk Co., MA; second about 1679 Susanna (d. Apr. 9,
1750, Medway, Norfolk Co., MA). Children George and Rachel FAIRBANKS:
Rachel; and Mary married Benjamin ALLEN. Children by Susanna: Susannah
died in infancy; Susannah; Dorothy; Margaret; Jonas; Sarah; George; and
- Samuel - b. Oct. 28, 1652, Dedham, Norfolk Co., MA; d. Nov. 20, 1676, Medfield, Norfolk Co., MA.
- b. Jun. 8, 1655, Dedham, Norfolk Co., MA; d. Jun. 10, 1645, Sherborn,
Middlesex Co., MA. Selectman at Sherborn 1703. Given name spelling has
several variations. Married about 1678 Martha LOVETT (b. Jun. 7, 1654,
Braintree, Norfolk Co., MA; d. Jan. 22, 1749/0, Sherborn, Norfolk Co.,
MA), daughter of Daniel LOVETT and Johanna BLOTT. Children of Eleazer
and Martha FAIRBANKS: Mary; Martha married first Oliver DEATH, and
second Ebenezer LELAND, Jr.; Lydia; Margaret died young; Mercy married
Joshua UNDERWOOD; and Capt. Eleazer married Martha BULLARD.
- Jonas - b. Feb. 23, 1656/7, Dedham, Norfolk Co., MA; d. Nov. 28, 1676, Medfield, Norfolk Co., MA.
- b. May 1, 1662, Medfield, Norfolk Co., MA; d. Dec. 18, 1719,
Sherborn, Middlesex Co., MA. First physician at Sherborn, MA; selectman
1695-1701; town clerk 1699-1701. Drowned while returning from Medfield
to Sherborn across ice of Bogestow Pond. The inventory of his estate in
Jan. 1719/0 totalled over £1,000. Married first by 1685 Sarah (d.
Jul. 9, 1713, Sherborn, Middlesex Co., MA); and second about 1714 Anne
THOMPSON (b. Feb. 10, 1676/7, Charlestown, Suffolk Co., MA; d. Dec. 30,
1716, Braintree, Norfolk Co., MA), daughter of Benjamin THOMPSON and
Susanna KIRKLAND, and widow of Thomas CAREW, by whom she had sons
Thomas and John. Children of Jonathan and Sarah FAIRBANKS: George
married first Lydia GAY, and second Rachel DRURY; Dr. Jonathan married
first Lydia HOLBROOK, and second Hannah COOLIDGE; Comfort married
Joseph BILLINGS; Joseph died young; Samuel married Susanna WATSON; and
Jonas died young. Son of Jonathan and Anne FAIRBANKS: Benjamin married
- Margaret - b. Jun. 27, 1664, Medfield, Norfolk Co., MA; d.
after Jun. 1731. Married first on Jan. 23, 1683 at Sherborn, MA,
William HOLBROOK (b. Jun. 23, 1657, Weymouth, Norfolk Co., MA; d. Nov.
19, 1714, Mendon, Worcester Co., MA), son of William HOLBROOK and
Elizabeth PITTS. Margaret married second on Jun. 6, 1719 at Mendon,
Worcester Co., MA, Josiah THAYER (b. about 1666; d. Feb. 1728/9), son
of Ferdinando THAYER and Huldah HAYWARD. Children of Margaret and
William HOLBROOK: Mary died in infancy; Margaret died in infancy; and
William died young.